Thursday, March 10, 2016

Tabula Rosa Systems Blog Of 3/10/2016 - Legal Email Access In The United States

In my books, noted below, I often discuss privacy in email. Most  netizens are not fully aware about what their respective laws are to allow legal access.

The following is an except from my first book which addresses legal access of email. It is imperative, in my view to know the laws within one's native country!

Enjoy the article and check out the website!

Email privacy––specific legal references

        As long as there is email, there will be questions concerning its privacy. The origins of the Fourth Amendment date back to circa 1754, when British tax collectors were given the powers to search homes and private records of colonists. It is this amendment that guarantees privacy. There are a number of laws that have been enacted specifically to provide clarity and protection given by this original law. To discuss them in detail is not in the scope of this book, but some summarizations will be stated in this section.

        The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) was enacted in 1986 to define federal electronic eavesdropping provisions. It was intended to create “a fair balance between the privacy expectations of citizens and the legitimate needs of law enforcement.” Congress also sought to address new technologies by assuring that personal information would remain safe.

        The following table constitutes the legal actions that are needed to access the contents of an email at various times as outlined by

Type of Communication
Required for Law Enforcement Access

Email in transit
18 U.S.C.§ 2516
Email in storage on home computer
4th Amendment, US Constitution
Email in remote storage, opened

18 U.S.C.§ 2703
Email in remote storage, unopened, stored for 180 days or less

18 U.S.C.§ 2703
Email in remote storage, unopened, stored for more than 180 days

18 U.S.C.§ 2703

In addition to the specific government exceptions outline above, there is other information that the government is empowered to collect from communications providers in the form of customer records. Under § 2703, an administrative subpoena—a National Security Letter (NSL)—can be served on a company to compel it to disclose basic subscriber information. Section 2703 also allows a court to issue an order for records; whether an NSL or court order is warranted depends upon the information that is sought.
 For a great satire on email, please see the following:
Good Netiquette And A Green Internet To All! 

Special Bulletin - My just released book

"You're Hired. Super Charge our Email Skills in 60 Minutes! (And Get That Job...) 

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Great Reasons for Purchasing Netiquette IQ
·         Get more email opens.  Improve 100% or more.
·         Receive more responses, interviews, appointments, prospects and sales.
·         Be better understood.
·         Eliminate indecision.
·         Avoid being spammed 100% or more.
·         Have recipient finish reading your email content. 
·         Save time by reducing questions.
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·         Improve you time management with your email.
·        Have quick access to a wealth of relevant email information.
Enjoy most of what you need for email in a single book.


**Important note** - contact our company for very powerful solutions for IP
 management (IPv4 and IPv6, security, firewall and APT solutions:

Another Special Announcement - Tune in to my radio interview,  on Rider University's station, I discuss my recent book, above on "Your Career Is Calling", hosted by Wanda Ellett.   

In addition to this blog, Netiquette IQ has a website with great assets which are being added to on a regular basis. I have authored the premiere book on Netiquette, “Netiquette IQ - A Comprehensive Guide to Improve, Enhance and Add Power to Your Email". My new book, “You’re Hired! Super Charge Your Email Skills in 60 Minutes. . . And Get That Job!” has just been published and will be followed by a trilogy of books on Netiquette for young people. You can view my profile, reviews of the book and content excerpts at:

In addition to this blog, I maintain a radio show on BlogtalkRadio  and an online newsletter via have established Netiquette discussion groups with Linkedin and  Yahoo I am also a member of the International Business Etiquette and Protocol Group and Minding Manners among others. I regularly consult for the Gerson Lehrman Group, a worldwide network of subject matter experts and I have been contributing to the blogs Everything Email and emailmonday . My work has appeared in numerous publications and I have presented to groups such as The Breakfast Club of NJ and  PSG of Mercer County, NJ.

I am the president of Tabula Rosa Systems, a “best of breed” reseller of products for communications, email, network management software, security products and professional services.  Also, I am the president of Netiquette IQ. We are currently developing an email IQ rating system, Netiquette IQ, which promotes the fundamentals outlined in my book.

Over the past twenty-five years, I have enjoyed a dynamic and successful career and have attained an extensive background in IT and electronic communications by selling and marketing within the information technology marketplace.Anyone who would like to review the book and have it posted on my blog or website, please contact me

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